The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 850 records.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
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How to cite
Please be aware, this is an old version of the dataset. Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Naretto J, Maturana C, Poulin E, Hune M, Gonzalez C, Gerard K (2020): Harpagifer of the Southern Ocean. v1.2. Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad. Dataset/Occurrence. http://gbif-chile.mma.gob.cl/ipt/resource?r=harpagifer_of_the_southern_ocean&v=1.2
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: ef2497c9-3b6b-4468-905d-430c87bd45ca. Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Chile.
Occurrence; Specimen; Southern Ocean; Fish; Spiny plunderfish; Biogeography
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The dataset comprises three macro-geographic regions of the Southern Ocean: southern South America (Pacific coast of Patagonia and Falkland Islands), sub-Antarctic islands (South Georgia, Marion Island, Kerguelen Island and Crozet), and Antarctica (Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland Islands and Signy Island). The northern end of the geographic coverage in South America is located south of the gulf of Penas, while the southern limit of the sampling range corresponds to Carvajal Base on Adelaide Island, Antarctica.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [-68, -74], North East [-46, 71]|
This dataset comprises 8 species of the genus Harpagifer. All records are reported at the species level.
|Species||Harpagifer bispinis (Magellan spiny plunderfish), Harpagifer palliolatus, Harpagifer antarcticus (Antarctic spiny plunderfish), Harpagifer georgianus (South Georgia spiny plunderfish), Harpagifer kerguelensis (Kerguelen spiny plunderfish), Harpagifer nybelini (Deep-water spiny plunderfish), Harpagifer marionensis (Marion spiny plunderfish), Harpagifer crozetensis (Littoral Crozet spiny plounderfish)|
|Start Date / End Date||2004-12-01 / 2019-11-18|
This project seeks to understand biogeographic patterns of the Southern Ocean fauna based on their past and present interactions throughout different geographical areas. Through traditional and genomic molecular tools we intend to deliver insights regarding the climatic, oceanographic and tectonic processes that have marked the development and evolution of the Southern Ocean fauna. Under this framework this particular resource focuses on one of the most remarkable processes of diversification in the Antarctic realm, the evolution of the cold-adapted notothenioid fishes. While most of the teleost groups were completely eradicated from Antarctica, this suborder dominates in diversity, abundance and biomass. The evolutionary success of the Notothenioidei at sub-zero ecosystems has been explained by the presence of antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs), a key innovation in this Antarctic group. In particular, recent molecular study indicated that the most species-rich lineages within the notothenioids diversified and evolved during the late Miocene (11.6 to 5.3 My), 10 My after the acquisition of AFPGs. However, most of these studies have been biased toward the relationships within the Antarctic Clade rather than in the association among phylogenetic closed taxa found inside and outside the Polar Front. Therefore, the evolutionary history of non-Antarctic notothenioids remains not well-established, even if AFGPs genes in temperate-water nototheniids can be used to infer an Antarctic evolutionary origin. Under the framework of this project, Harpagifer presents itself as an interesting model. Harpagiferidae is a monogeneric family with 12 nominal species restricted to the Southern Hemisphere widely distributed in the Southern Ocean.
|Title||Biogeography of Antarctic and Southern Ocean fauna|
|Funding||PIA CONICYT ACT172065 (GAB); FONDECYT 1151336; INACH DG-03_16; Conicyt Ph.D. Grant 21140632; Conicyt Ph.D. Grant 2114063; PIA CONICYT APOYO CCTE AFB170008; FONDECYT 11140087;Projects: IPEV Nº 1044 (Proteker), FONDECYT 1161358. FONDECYT Post-Doctoral Project 3190482; Conicyt Ph.D. Grant 21181000; Conicyt Ph.D. Grant 21151192. INACH RG1817.|
|Study Area Description||This project covers the different geographical areas of the Southern Ocean: South America (Patagonia and Falkland Island), Antarctica (Antarctic Peninsula and South Shetland Islands), Scotia Arch (South Georgia and Signy Island), and sub-Antarctic islands (Marion Island, Kerguelen Island and Crozet). Although this resource focuses on Harpagifer species, the research project has a broader scope, including representatives of the Crustacea, Equinodermata and Mollusca groups, and several other taxa using metagenomics.|
|Design Description||This project will underpin future comprehensive biogeographic processes in different species, including the use of phylogeographic approaches to evaluate the impact of the Quaternary glacial cycles in each of the analyzed Southern Ocean macro-zones. It will be possible to determine the effects of Quaternary glacial cycles over the distribution of genetic lineages in these species and it will be possible to estimate whether the Antarctic species remained in refugia along the Antarctic Peninsula during the last glacial event or re-colonized this area after the LGM from northern Antarctic Islands in the Scotia Arc.|
The personnel involved in the project:
Due to the fact that the sampling was carried out by various groups of researchers, the sampling methodology presents variations related to field team and the particular conditions of each collection site. With this in mind, we can generalize the sampling protocol as described in "Methods steps".
|Study Extent||This dataset gathers several sampling efforts made between 2004 and 2019 in different locations from west side of Antarctic Peninsula (i.e.Doumer Island and Margarite Bay) and the South Shetland Islands (i.e. King George Island, Deception Island and Greenwich Island); the Scotia Arc Islands (Signy Island and South Georgia); sub-Antarctic Islands (Marion Island, Kerguelen Island and Crozet Island); and southern South America, including Pacific coast of Patagonia and Falkland Islands.|
|Quality Control||Records lacking precise geographic location (coordinates) were assigned georeferences by identification from the description (e.g. bay names, research stations) of the reported collection locality included in the relevant metadata.|
Method step description:
- Field sampling: Animals were collected by hand in intertidal pools during low tide periods and by SCUBA diving between -1 and -15 meters deep. In some (minor) cases, samples were obtained by bottom trawl (not deeper that -60 m). After collection, live animals were anesthetized and preserved in ethanol 95%. GPS position were recorded for each sample location.
|Collection Name||Coleccion de Vertebrados del Laboratorio de Ecologia Molecular de la Universidad de Chile|
|Parent Collection Identifier||LEM|
|Specimen preservation methods||Alcohol|
|Curatorial Units||Between 1 and 2 Plastic flask|
- Prirodina V. 2002. Redescription of littoral and deep-sea species of the genus Harpagifer (Harpagiferidae, Notothenioidei) off islands of the Indian Ocean Sector of the Southern Ocean with the description of a new species. J. Ichthyol., 42: 701-712.
- Richardson J. 1845. Ichthyology. In: Richardson J, Gray J.E. (eds) The zoology of the voyage of HMS “Erebus” and “Terror” Ander the command of Captain Sir J.C. Ross during 1839-43 London, 2(2): 8-139.
- Nybelin O. 1947. Antarctic fishes. Scientific results of the Norwegian Antarctic Expeditions 1927-1928 et spp. Nor Vidensk-Akad Oslo Arbok. 2(26): 1-76.
- Hureau, J. 1990. HARPAGIFERIDAE. pp:357-362. In: O. Gon & P.C. Heemstra (eds), Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.141868
- Prirodina V. 2004. Harpagifer crozetensis sp. nova (Harpagiferidae, Notothenioidei), a new species from the littoral of the Crozet Islands (Indian Ocean Sector of the Antarctic). J. Ichthyol., 44: 395-399.
- Neyelov A. & V. Prirodina. 2006. Description of Harpagifer permitini sp. nova (Harpagiferidae) from the sublittoral zone of South Georgia and redescription of the littoral H. georgianus Nybelin. Voprosy Ikhtiologii, 46: 5-16.
- Prirodina V. 2000. On the systematic position of littoral and deep-water species of the genus Harpagifer (Harpagiferidae, Notothenioidei) from Macquarie Island with a description of two new species. J. Ichthyol., 40: 488-494.
This dataset has been developed with the support of the following projects: Conicyt Ph.D. Grant 21140632; INACH DG-03_16; PIA CONICYT ACT172065 (GAB); FONDECYT 1151336; Conicyt Ph.D. Grant 2114063; PIA CONICYT APOYO CCTE AFB170008; FONDECYT 11140087;Projects: IPEV Nº 1044 (Proteker), FONDECYT 1161358. FONDECYT Post-Doctoral Project 3190482; Conicyt Ph.D. Grant 21181000; Conicyt Ph.D. Grant 21151192. INACH RG1817.
|Purpose||This dataset was created within the framework of the doctoral thesis of the principal investigator. The main objective of the data set is to complement the research on the biogeography of the Harpagifer genus that is currently being carried out in the Molecular Ecology Laboratory of the University of Chile in order to contribute to the general knowledge of the biogeography of the fauna of the Ascent Ocean.|
|Maintenance Description||The data set will be updated irregularly, and in relation to the authors' ability to collect and develop new relevant information.|